Gov. Ducey's Proposed Budget Brings Changes To Arizona Education Policy

By Claire Caulfield
Howard Fischer, Capitol Media Services
Published: Monday, January 21, 2019 - 11:41am
Updated: Tuesday, January 22, 2019 - 9:40am
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Arizona Gov. Doug Ducey is proposing an $11.4 billion spending plan for the coming year.

The package, unveiled for lawmakers Friday, includes some significant increases in dollars for some state agencies, with big pay hikes for Child Protective Services caseworkers and officers of both the Department of Public Safety and the Department of Corrections. Matt Gress who runs the governor's budget office, said the additional funds should help stem the high turnover.

There's also significant additional money going into K-12 education.

More than $160 million of that is for the next step of the pay plan designed to boost teacher salaries by 20 percent over 2017 levels by 2020.

That plan still has no new dollars for pay hikes for non-teaching personnel, a gap that has angered members of Arizona Educators United who say that everyone from counselors to bus drivers need raises to get living wages.

Superintendent of Public Instruction Kathy Hoffman praised element’s of Ducey’s budget, but in a statement called for “competitive pay for all educators, including our art, music and special education teachers, as well as support and classified staff.”  

Ducey has argued that schools are free to use other funds for such pay raises if they want, with aides pointing out he is adding another $68 million to the budget in his promise to eventually restore other funds taken from schools during the recession.

The governor is finding other ways to use the money available for education.

Improving Scores

Current law gives $38 million to schools whose students score in the top 10 percent on the AzMERIT standardized tests. That has led to criticism criticism that the additional cash — up to $400 per pupil — was going largely to schools in higher-income areas.

Ducey proposes to alter the formula so the awards are is based on the A-F grading system for schools that now is in place.

Gress said this is fairer, as schools can get A status through not just absolute academic performance but also how much student achievement has improved and how many students graduate. And the plan also would allow B-rated schools also to qualify.

The governor's office figures that the change would make 675 schools throughout the state eligible for the dollars, compared to just 285 under the current system.

Ducey also wants to alter the law that now requires schools to essentially wait until they're overcrowded before the state will pony up cash for a new one. That change, if approved, would provide $99 million for new schools in the Sahaurita, Vail and Yuma Union high school districts and the Laveen elementary district.

The governor is giving special attention — and providing special funding — to his concern expressed in Monday's State of the State speech that Arizona lacks qualified applicants for many technical jobs

His budget proposes $20 million to double the capacity of the Aviation Technology Center at Pima Community College which trains people for aerospace industry jobs. That would add funds for another 75 students.

And Maricopa Community College will get $6 million to train more students in medical programs for staffing operating rooms, emergency care, oncology and intensive care units.

There also is $35 million in the budget for university operating cash and capital improvements.

Maintaining Growth

But much of what Ducey is proposing in new spending is one-time dollars.

Gress said all indications are that the current growth rate of 6.8 percent a year cannot be maintained. The outlook is for that to drop in the coming fiscal year to 3.3 percent, and 3.1 percent after that.

So of the estimated $1.1 billion excess the state is projected to have, Ducey wants to put $542 million of that into the "rainy-day'' fund, more than doubling the current levels. Aside from being a savings account against future economic downturns, Gress said that credit rating agencies look at such accounts when grading the state, a grading that affects the cost of borrowing.

And of the $538 million left, $320 million of that is in one-time spending rather than creating new programs or permanently expanding existing ones.

For example, the plan includes $95 million in the next two years to widen Interstate 17 north of Anthem. And there's $35 million to help implement the drought contingency plan.

Other priorities in Ducey's budget include:

  • Allocating $1 million for veteran suicide-prevention efforts.
  • Spending $700,00 to construct a cold inspection facility at the Mariposa port of entry in Nogales to convince importers to bring their fresh temperature-sensitive fruits through the border there.
  • Putting another $11 million into programs designed to keep roads in good condition.
  • Providing $1 million for a telemedicine program to help ensure prenatal care for women in rural areas.
  • Restoring some state funds for superior court judges in Maricopa County which were cut during the recession; other counties already have a 50-50 split with the state.
  • Eliminating a requirement that counties share in the cost of sending offenders to the Department of Juvenile Corrections.
  • $21 million to expand the number of college students who would get free tuition if they agree to go into teaching in Arizona.
  • Adding $9 million to ensure that any school that wants a "resource officer'' — a sworn law enforcement officer — on campus can have one, with the estimate being it will fund 89.
  • Providing $9 million to help at least some schools hire more counselors and social workers.
  • Giving the State Board of Charter Schools $786,000 to hire 10 staffers to provide better financial and academic oversight.
  • Restoring a program to help National Guard members earn college degrees that was cut in 2010 during the budget crisis.

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